Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labour, including domestic servitude and forced begging. Serbian women are subjected to sex trafficking by Serbian criminal groups in northern Italy, Germany, Montenegro, Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, Austria, and Sweden. Serbian nationals are subjected to labour trafficking in countries including Azerbaijan, Slovenia, and Russia, as well as in the United Arab Emirates within the construction sector. The government reported that Serbian citizens were subjected to forced labour at various construction sites in Sochi, Russia.
Serbian victims are often subjected to trafficking by family members. There are increasing numbers of Serbian children, particularly ethnic Roma, subjected to internal sex trafficking, forced labour, forced begging, and coercion to petty crime within the country. Foreign victims of trafficking identified in Serbia are from neighbouring countries including Montenegro, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, and Moldova.
Serbia is rated as a Tier 2 Country by the US Department of State’s 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report indicating that the Government of Serbia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so.